Biogeography-Based Optimization Algorithm for Prolonging Network Lifetime of Heterogeneous Wireless Sensor Networks

Provided by: Science & Engineering Research Support soCiety (SERSC)
Topic: Enterprise Software
Format: PDF
A Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) is a network of distributed sensors that can collect information from a physical environment. Low-cost sensors are the backbone of a WSN. Maximizing the lifetime of sensor networks is the main challenge of a Wireless Sensor Network (WSN), such as the sensor node of the network needs to be prepared with limited battery power. This paper focuses on finding the optimal sink position. Relay nodes have been introduced in conjunction with the sensor nodes to mitigate network geometric deficiencies since in most other approaches the sensor nodes close to the sink become heavily involved in data forwarding and, thus, their batteries are quickly depleted.

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