Today, a number of robots, sent by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL), explore the atmosphere and surface of Mars. However, giving instructions to a Mars rover is more difficult than most people realize. Scientists are only able to communicate with the Mars Science Laboratory Curiosity rover during short windows that occur once or twice a day. And transmissions that travel at the speed of light still take between 7 and 20 minutes to reach the rover itself. In this case study, learn how AWS, powered by the Intel® Xeon® processor E5 family, helped NASA JPL speed up the analysis of data and accelerate the discovery of Mars by 840%.