International Institute of Engineers (IIE)
The topology of interconnection networks plays a key role in the performance of all general purpose networking applications. Mesh, torus, and hypercube have been the most popular interconnection network topologies used in most of the digital communication systems. Among these topologies Torus is well suited in any general purpose networking application because of its simple network structure and high degree of symmetry. The performance of an interconnection network can be measured using various performance metrics as well as structural properties. Performance parameters that must be considered in designing an interconnection network are latency, throughput, cost, node degree, network diameters and path diversity.