International Journal for Innovative Research in Science and Technology (IJIRST)
Mobile ad hoc networks are self-organizing and self-configuring multi-hop wireless networks capable of adaptive re-configuration when they are affected by node mobility. A mobile ad hoc network is composed of peer nodes with equal networking capabilities which are able to function as mobile routers i.e., to forward packets and maintain routes. Packets can be forwarded in multi-hops from the source nodes to the destination nodes with no need for underlying fixed network infrastructure (e.g. routers and base stations).