Communicating Using an Energy Harvesting Transmitter: Optimum Policies Under Energy Storage Losses
In this paper, short-term throughput optimal power allocation policies are derived for an energy harvesting transmitter with energy storage losses. In particular, the energy harvesting transmitter is equipped with a battery that loses a fraction of its stored energy. Both single user, i.e. one transmitter-one receiver, and the broadcast channel, i.e., one transmitter-multiple receiver settings are considered, initially with an infinite capacity battery. It is shown that the optimal policies for these models are threshold policies. Specifically, storing energy when harvested power is above an upper threshold, retrieving energy when harvested power is below a lower threshold, and transmitting with the harvested energy in between is shown to maximize the weighted sum-rate.