International Journal of Engineering Science and Technology (IJEST)
The rapid development of wireless communication systems has increased the demand for compact microstrip antennas with high gain and wideband operating frequencies. Microstrip patch antenna has advantages such as low profile, conformal, light weight, simple realization process and low manufacturing cost. However, the general microstrip patch antennas have some disadvantages such as narrow bandwidth, etc. Enhancement of the performance to cover the demanding bandwidth is necessary. There are numerous and well-known methods to increase the bandwidth of antennas, including increase of the substrate thickness, the use of a low dielectric substrate, the use of various impedance matching and feeding techniques, and the use of multiple resonators.