International Journal of Innovative Research in Electrical, Electronics, Instrumentation and Control Engineering (IJIREEICE)
The rich-scattering wireless channel is capable of huge theoretical capacities. The Multiple Input Multiple Output (MIMO) antenna system provides very promising gain in capacity without increasing the use of frequency spectrum, throughput, and power consumption in wireless communication. This also shows less sensitivity to fading, hence it leads to a breakthrough in the data rate of wireless communication systems. There are many schemes that can be used to MIMO systems such as space-time block code, space-time trellis code, and the Vertical Bell Labs Space-Time Architecture (V-BLAST).