International Journal of Computer Applications
A wireless sensor network consists of large number of sensor nodes deployed on a large field and has limited battery lifetime which get depleted at a faster rate due to their communication and computation operation. This sensor node has the ability of sensing, computing and transmitting data from the harsh environment. Many communication protocols are designed to make efficient and effective utilization of energy. A comparative study of clustering based routing protocols has been done which gives an overview of the performance of protocols on some factors like cluster stability, latency, energy efficiency and load balancing etc.