International Journal of Computer Science and Mobile Computing (IJCSMC)
Ad-hoc routing technology has been developed primarily for networks of mobile nodes. Mobile nodes have limited battery energy, when a battery discharges then it becomes very difficult to recharge or replace the battery of the nodes. These nodes need to be energy conserved to maximize the battery life as well as lifetime of nodes. The routing protocols affect the performance of the mobile node energy. There are three types of routing protocols i.e. proactive, reactive and hybrid routing protocols.