Comparison of Linear Precoding Schemes for Downlink Massive MIMO
The authors consider the downlink of a Time-Division Duplexing (TDD) multicell multiuser MIMO system where the Base Stations (BSs) are equipped with a very large number of antennas. Assuming channel estimation through uplink pilots, arbitrary antenna correlation and user distributions, they derive approximations of achievable rates with linear precoding techniques, namely eigenBeam-Forming (BF) and Regularized Zero-Forcing (RZF). The approximations are tight in the large system limit with an infinitely large number of antennas and User Terminals (UTs), but match their simulations for realistic system dimensions. They further show that a simple RZF precoding scheme can achieve the same performance as BF with one order of magnitude fewer antennas in both uncorrelated and correlated fading channels.