International Journals of Advanced Information Science and Technology (IJAIST)
Mobile Ad-hoc NETworks (MANET) is a self-configured and infrastructure less network where there is no base station and no fixed topology. The nodes in the network keep moving from one region to the other due to the dynamic nature of the network. This may lead to the link breakage between the nodes and thus causing a major issue of packet loss. The Packet Delivery Ratio (PDR) is degraded when the data access is affected during the handoff process, which affects the performance of the network.