Compiler-Assisted Preferred Caching for Embedded Systems with STT-RAM Based Hybrid Cache

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Provided by: Association for Computing Machinery
Topic: Hardware
Format: PDF
As technology scales down, energy consumption is becoming a big problem for traditional SRAM-based cache hierarchies. The emerging Spin-Torque Transfer RAM (STT-RAM) is a promising replacement for large on-chip cache due to its ultra-low leakage power and high storage density. However, write operations on STT-RAM suffer from considerably higher energy consumption and longer latency than SRAM. Hybrid cache consisting of both SRAM and STT-RAM has been proposed recently for both performance and energy efficiency. Most management strategies for hybrid caches employ migration-based techniques to dynamically move write-intensive data from STT-RAM to SRAM. These techniques lead to extra overheads.
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