Congestion-assessment and Hybrid Routing Protocol for Vehicular Ad Hoc Network
In Vehicular Ad hoc NETwork (VANET), nodes have to cooperate to forward each other's packets through the networks. Every node, including source and intermediate nodes, has a fair opportunity to transmit a packet. Consequence, the hot spot may incur traffic congestion. The packet loss rate and the transmission delay are increased, but the throughput is decreased. On account of the contention for the shared channel, the throughput of each single node is limited not only by the channel capacity, but also by the transmissions in its neighborhood. Additionally, the network throughput still restrict by the channel capacity. Some other related works using multiple channels simultaneously to transmit packets without interfering each other increases the throughput.