International Journal of Computer Science and Management Studies (IJCSMS)
MANETs possess few salient features such as dynamic topology, limited storage and bandwidth which make them attractive for certain applications but at the same time pose challenges to route packets efficiently and accurately to a particular destination. These types of networks lack in fixed topology hence they are often known as infrastructure less networks, where each node has the capacity to work both as router or host or both. Routing in MANET is a challenging task and has gained a remarkable attention from researchers worldwide. Somehow, Swarm Intelligence (SI) based techniques such as Ant Colony Optimization (ACO) algorithms have shown to be a good technique for developing routing algorithms for ad hoc networks.