Argonne National Laboratory
One of the most promising battery types under development for use in both pure electric and hybrid electric vehicles is the lithium-ion battery. These batteries are well on their way to meeting the challenging technical goals that have been set for vehicle batteries. However, they are still far from achieving the current cost goals. This report focuses on Li-ion batteries for use in EVs or in hybrid vehicles with a considerable all-electric range, assuming use of electricity from the grid. The report also considers high-power-density Li-ion batteries because of the large potential for power-assist hybrid vehicles.