CRIUS: User-Friendly Database Design
Non-technical users are increasingly adding structures to their data. This gives rise to the need for database design. However, traditional database design is deliberate and heavy-weight, requiring technical expertise that everyday users may not possess. For this reason, the authors propose that users of personal data management applications should be able to create and refine data structures in an ad-hoc way over time, thereby "Organically" growing their schemas. For this purpose, they develop a spreadsheet-like direct manipulation interface.