"Data encryption is the process of protecting the privacy and confidentiality of data. To provide this protection, professionals frequently look to commonly accepted technologies and methodologies to safeguard the data while at rest and in transit. One technology capable of providing this type of protection is encryption. Security rule has long identified encryption as a mechanism to safeguard electronic protected information. More recently, the standards and certification criteria for electronic security of data must be able to encrypt and decrypt the information in order to qualify for stage 1 of the meaningful use incentive program."