Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
Forward Error Correction (FEC) is commonly adopted in cooperative relay communications to ensure link-layer communication reliability. Among those schemes, rate-less fountain codes, such as Luby Transform (LT) codes, are favorable for their low complexity and rate adaptability to channel fading dynamics. However, the cooperative transmission schemes based on primitive fountain codes induce either heavy computation cost or large end-to-end latency. To address these issues, the authors explore Decomposed LT (DLT) codes, which comprise of two layers of random encoding but only a single layer of decoding. By implementing the two layers of encoding at the source and the relay(s) respectively, the cooperative system can ensure communication reliability on both source-relay and relay-destination links with reduced computation cost and latency.