International Journal of Advanced Research in Computer Engineering & Technology
IC (Integrated Circuit) development is now-a-days a huge industry. There is an almost innate amount of consumer products like mobile phones, processors, televisions, cameras, refrigerators, ovens and cars that in one way or another uses custom IC components. Integrated circuits can provide anything from analog-to-digital conversion to digital filtering and much more. A digital integrated circuit can be manufactured with a number of different approaches, but they all contain the same basic steps. It all starts with transistors, wiring and all the things that make up the circuit being placed in a layout, designed in a CAD (Computer Aided Design) tool and ends up with that layout being physically created on a chip.