University of the Witwatersrand
In this paper, the authors propose a new cooperative packet transmission scheme that allows independent sources to superimpose over-the-air their packet transmissions. Relay nodes are used and cooperative diversity is combined with distributed Space-Time Block Coding (STBC). With the proposed scheme the participating relays create a ST code for the over-the-air superimposed symbols that are received locally and without proceeding to any decoding step beforehand. The advantage of the proposed scheme is that communication is completed in fewer transmission slots because of the concurrent packet transmissions, while the diversity benefit from the use of the STBC results in higher decoding performance. The proposed scheme does not depend on the STBC that is applied at the relays.