The International Journal of Innovative Research in Computer and Communication Engineering
Wireless mobile devices such as high-end cell phones, PDAs, portable gaming devices, tablet PCs, etc. all having wireless networking capabilities have a tremendous increase in recent years. These devices when used in Mobile Ad hoc NETworks (MANETs) may extend their capabilities, e.g., to reach the Internet when no Wi-Fi base stations are within range, or to have communication with each other over multiple hops when no other networking infrastructure is provided. Major problem of continuous participation in a MANET is energy consumption which is the main characteristic of MANETs.