International Journal of Computer Applications
Ad-hoc networks include independent self controlled nodes, which use radios for communication. A node can communicate with any other node within its radio frequency range. Pharaonis approaches are the naturally applied strategies by individuals of a group of living beings. In particular, it is from the activities of invertebrates and birds. Although each individual of the swarm has little wisdom and only uses basic principles using neighborhood information acquired from pharaonis approaches such as traveling strategy of birds and ants.