EECP: Energy Efficient and Congestion-Aware Protocol in a Wireless Sensor Network
In this paper, the authors propose a protocol namely EECP which helps to achieve accurate event detection, energy efficiency and less traffic. With the help of a program or software namely Mobile Agent (MA), EECP choose one CH based on initial energy and the data aggregation taking place only in CH, and by data aggregation in CH ensure the accuracy of the event by CDR. The main objective of this paper is to provide a useful MA-based Clustering Algorithm (MACA) to achieve both energy efficiency and congestion resolution. The algorithm selects Cluster Head (CH), based on energy level of each Cluster Nodes (CN) with the help of a MA. Evaluation of the algorithm implementation shows an increase in throughput more than 50% compared with other schemes.