International Association of Engineering and Management Education (IAEME)
"Broadcasting in a mobile ad hoc network means to send a message to every node in the network. The task of broadcasting can be naively achieved by flooding the entire network with the message to be broadcast. In flooding, upon receiving a broadcast packet, a node simply retransmits the packet to all directions in its neighborhood. This approach causes a number of serious problems. To ensure scalability and reliability to broadcast a message in entire network is a very difficult problem for any broadcasting protocol."