International Journal of Innovations in Engineering and Technology (IJIET)
Group communications is important in supporting applications those include multimedia. To implement the group communications multicast proves to be an efficient method. It is very challenging to implement efficient and scalable multicast in Mobile Ad hoc NETworks (MANETs) due to the difficulty in group membership management and multicast packet forwarding over the infrastructure-less dynamic topology. Wired and infrastructure-based wireless networks are supported by many multicast routing protocols. In this paper, the authors address the multicast routing problem for infrastructure-less MANETs.