Efficiently Enabling Conventional Block Sizes for Very Large Die-stacked DRAM Caches

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Provided by: Association for Computing Machinery
Topic: Storage
Format: PDF
Die-stacking technology enables multiple layers of DRAM to be integrated with multicore processors. A promising use of stacked DRAM is as a cache, since its capacity is insufficient to be all of main memory (for all but some embedded systems). However, a 1GB DRAM cache with 64-byte blocks requires 96MB of tag storage. Placing these tags on-chip is impractical (larger than on-chip L3s) while putting them in DRAM is slow (two full DRAM accesses for tag and data). Larger blocks and sub-blocking are possible, but less robust due to fragmentation.
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