International Journal of Advanced Research in Computer Engineering & Technology
Congestion and the loss of energy is the most common problem in the Ad hoc network. A considerable amount of energy is consumed in wireless interfaces. On the other hand the actual available bandwidth varies due to change in contention affected by node mobility. Many of routing protocols use the shortest path route from source to destination with minimum hop count as optimal route selection. But minimum end to end delay may not always achieved through shortest path because of high collision rate and flows at the intermediate nodes.