Energy Band Based Clustering Protocol for Wireless Sensor Networks
Clustering is one of the widely used techniques to prolong the lifetime of wireless sensor networks in environments where battery replacement of individual sensor nodes is not an option after their deployment. However, clustering overheads such as cluster formation, its size, cluster head selection & rotation, directly affects the lifetime of WSN. This paper introduces and analyzes a new Single Hop Energy Band Based Clustering Protocol (EBBCP) which tries to minimize the above said overheads resulting in a prolonged life for the WSN. EBBCP works on static clusters formed on the basis of energy band in the setup phase. The protocol reduces per round overhead of cluster formation which has been proved by the simulation result in MATLAB.