International Journal of Computer Applications
Wireless nodes communicate over wireless links that typically have less bandwidth than in a wired network. Each node in a wireless ad hoc network functions as both a host and a router, and the control of the network is distributed among the nodes. The network topology is in general, dynamic, as the connectivity among the nodes may vary with time because of node departures, new node arrivals, and the change of environments. Hence, there is a need for efficient routing protocols to allow the nodes to communicate over multi-hop paths. This paper focuses on the effect of topology that requires to be locally and self-adaptively maintained, at a low communication cost, without affecting QOS.