International Advanced Research Journal in Science, Engineering and Technology (IARJSET)
Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) are prevalent and cost-effective. However, they face RF interference from environmental noise and energy constraints. Routing protocols for such networks must overcome these problems to achieve reliability, energy efficiency and scalability in message delivery. Multi-hop WSNs use shortest-path routing, since operation is often over long unattended periods so the protocol must be energy efficient. An Enhanced Forward Aware Factor-Energy Balanced Routing Method (EFAF-EBRM) based on data aggregation technique that has some key aspects such as a reduced number of messages for setting up a routing tree, maximized number of overlapping routes, high aggregation rate, and reliable data aggregation and transmission.