International Journal of Computer Applications
Computational topology and routing are the major area where energy is needed to activate a number of functions integrated in wireless sensor network. In this paper, reducing energy consumption and increasing Energy Efficiency (EE) are the main aims when specific algorithm of routing protocol and topology are employed in WSN. In order to solve the main points through this paper, the authors studied the novelties of the routing protocols based on Ant Colony Optimization (ACO). In this paper, accurate distance between the sensor nodes based on the specific topology is also analyzed.