Energy-Efficient in Wireless Sensor Networks Using Fuzzy C-Means Clustering Approach

Provided by: Science Publishing Group
Topic: Networking
Format: PDF
Extending the lifetime of a wireless sensor networks remains one of the prominent research topics in recent years. Clustering has been proven to be energy-efficient in sensor networks since data routing and relaying are only operated by cluster heads. The present paper focuses on proposing two algorithms. In the former nodes organize themselves into clusters using Fuzzy C-Means (FCM) mechanism then a randomly node chooses itself cluster head in each cluster since initially all nodes have the same amount of power. Then the node having the higher residual energy elects itself cluster head. All non-cluster head nodes transmit sensed data to the cluster head. This latter performs data aggregation and transmits the data directly to the remote base station.

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