The International Journal of Innovative Research in Computer and Communication Engineering
The routing protocols in wireless sensor network works on the formation of path from the sensor node to base station in the effort to consume minimum energy possible. The energy consumption is reduced in case of hierarchical protocols by forming a hierarchy from the sensor node to the base station with the help of cluster heads. The cluster head formation process effect the efficiency of the network. The network performance is directly linked with the cluster head number, cluster size and the energy of the nodes which form the cluster head.