International Journal of Information and Electronics Engineering
Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) are consist of very tiny nodes structure, with very small batteries without having facility to recharge it. It works under any hard circumstances, hence this type of network is gaining high importance day by day. Maximum focus of researchers is to enhance or optimized its energy efficiency level. Routing protocol is the main energy expensive operation of sensor networks which utilize maximum energy resources of sensor network. Already a good number of routing protocols has been designed for energy efficiency or optimization with different approaches under controlled conditions.