Entrepreneurial Engagement Levels in the European Union

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Provided by: EIM Business & Policy Research
Topic: Start-Ups
Format: PDF
A multinomial logit model and survey data from the 25 EU member states and the US are used to establish the effect of demographic and other variables on various entrepreneurial engagement levels. These engagement levels range from \"Never thought about starting a business\" to \"Thinking about it\", \"Taking steps for starting up\", \"Having a young business\", \"Having an older business\" and \"No longer being an entrepreneur\". Data of the 2004 Entrepreneurship Flash Eurobarometer survey containing over 13,500 observations is used. Other than demographic variables such as gender, age, education level and whether parents are self-employed, the set of explanatory variables used includes country specific effects, measures of risk tolerance, internal and external locus of control and four perceptions of 'Obstacles'.
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