International Journal of Computer Applications
Mobile Ad-hoc NETworks (MANETs) are the one where each node participating has many roles assigned, that is of a receiver, transmitter and router. Hence, energy in abundance is expected to be expended on each role to achieve the normal working. Also, mobility factor of this infrastructure-less administration forces the nodes to confide on battery energy. Battery being a limited entity fails to fulfill the high demand of energy with time. Scarcity of battery life and the additional energy requirements for supporting network operations (e.g. routing) inside every node, make the energy conservation one of the peer concern in ad hoc networking.