Event Reliability in Wireless Sensor Networks
Ensuring reliable transport of data in resource constrained Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) is one of the primary concerns. The two reliability mechanisms typically used in WSNs are packet reliability and event reliability. Packet reliability requires all packets from all the sensor nodes to reach the sink that can result in wastage of sensors' limited energy resources. The sensing regions of densely deployed sensor nodes often overlap with one another and data from nodes that are in close proximity tend to exhibit high level of spatial locality. This introduces the concept of event reliability where a reliable transfer of event data from each sensing region in a sensor network is sufficient.