Field Estimation in Wireless Sensor Networks Using Distributed Kriging

Provided by: Universitat de Lleida
Topic: Mobility
Format: PDF
In this paper, the authors tackle the problem of spatial interpolation for distributed estimation in Wireless Sensor Networks by using a geostatistical technique called kriging. They present a novel Distributed Iterative Kriging Algorithm (DIKA) which is composed of two main phases. First, the spatial dependence of the field is exploited by calculating semivariograms in an iterative way. Second, the kriging system of equations is solved by an initial set of nodes in a distributed manner, providing some initial interpolation weights to each node. In their algorithm, the estimation accuracy can be improved by iteratively adding new nodes and updating appropriately the weights, which leads to a reduction in the kriging variance.

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