Vienna University of Economics and Business
Over the last decades, graphics processing units have developed from special-purpose graphics accelerators to general-purpose massively parallel co-processors. In recent years they gained increased traction in high performance computing, as they provide superior computational performance in terms of runtime and energy consumption for a wide range of problems. In this paper, the authors review their employment in distributed computing for a broad range of application scenarios. Common characteristics and a classification of the most relevant use cases are described.