Provided by: International Association of Engineering and Management Education (IAEME)
Date Added: Feb 2014
Random numbers are used for many purposes like generating data encryption keys, simulating and modeling complex phenomena and for selecting samples randomly from larger datasets. They can also use in literature, music and popular for games and gambling. While discussing about single numbers, a random number is one that is drawn from a set of possible values, each of which is equally probable, i.e. uniform distribution. When the authors are discussing a sequence of random numbers the number drawn must be statistically independent of the others. There are various methods for the generation of random numbers.