Geographic Routing Protocols for Underwater Wireless Sensor Networks: A Survey

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Provided by: Academy & Industry Research Collaboration Center
Topic: Networking
Format: PDF
Underwater Wireless Sensor Networks (UWSN), similar to the terrestrial sensor networks, have different challenges such as limited bandwidth, low battery power, defective underwater channels, and high variable propagation delay. A crucial problem in UWSN is finding an efficient route between a source and a destination. Consequently, great efforts have been made for designing efficient protocols while considering the unique characteristics of underwater communication. Several routing protocols are proposed for this issue and can be classified into geographic and non-geographic routing protocols. In this paper, the authors focus on the geographic routing protocols.
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