International Journal of Innovative Technology and Exploring Engineering (IJITEE)
The demand for bandwidth has increased drastically. So optical transmission has got more importance in access networks. The upcoming features like IPTV, High Speed Internet (HSI), Video On Demand (VOD), online gaming are confronting large bandwidth at the customer end. The demand of bandwidth can be satisfied by XDSL, but the distance is restricted by using this type of technique. So, the authors can use optical transmission for achieving large bandwidth by using Passive Optical Networks (PON). One of the most advanced PON solution is Gigabit PON (GPON). This is the most widely used solution where there is a requirement of large bandwidth.