High Gain Rectangular Broad Band Microstrip Antenna with Embedded Negative Capacitor and Chip Resistor
Various communication systems require single radiating element operating in wide band. In this paper, a novel active integrated single microstrip antenna is proposed and its radiation pattern and gain performance is optimized with analysis. The reactive loading is provided by a negative capacitor section embedded within the patch. The active negative capacitor is made of a field-effect transistor that exhibits negative resistance as well as capacitance. It can, therefore, compensate the loss of an inductor. A microstrip patch operating at 10.5GHz having 12.2% bandwidth has been utilized as a reference antenna.