Careful and painstaking nurturing of the human resources adds value to the organization in the long run. An effective Human Resource (HR) management framework is instrumental in sustaining competitive advantage in the market. Selection is the process of obtaining and using job-related information from applicants for a job vacancy to assess the suitability of the same. The newly selected employees are guided through the pre-selection, selection, and post-selection phases. The paper examines issues involved in human resource planning and management towards gaining competitive advantage.