Immigration, Jobs And Employment Protection: Evidence From Europe
In this paper, the authors analyze the effect of immigrants on native jobs in fourteen Western European countries. They test whether the inflow of immigrants in the period 1996-2007 decreased employment rates and/or if it altered the occupational distribution of natives with similar education and age. They find no evidence of the first but significant evidence of the second: immigrants took "Simple" (manual-routine) type of occupations and natives moved, in response, toward more "Complex" (abstract-communication) jobs. The results are robust to the use of an IV strategy based on past settlement of different nationalities of immigrants across European countries.