Applications of Engineering Technology and Science (AETS)
Clustering technique is not a routing protocol; it is a method that aggregates nodes into groups to make network management easier. The implementation of clustering schemes facilitates the performance of protocols by improving throughput, scalability and power consumption. Cluster heads are elected from among the ordinary nodes which based on the residual energy. The nodes are backbone of the network and also to perform power control routing functions. The primary task of cluster head is to discover the routes for distant messages and forward inter-cluster packets. If the destination is in the same cluster it is forwarded to the destination node.