Implementing Intelligent Monitoring Techniques in Agriculture Using Wireless Sensor Networks
More than two-thirds of freshwater consumed worldwide are used for irrigation, and large quantities of freshwater can be saved by improving the efficiency of irrigation systems. Irrigation control systems deployed in agriculture can substantially be enhanced by implementing intelligent monitoring techniques enabling automated sensing and continuous analyses of actual soil parameters. Automatically scheduling irrigation events based on soil moisture measurements has been proven an effective means to reduce freshwater consumption and irrigation costs, while maximizing the crop yield. Focusing on decentralized autonomous soil moisture monitoring, this paper presents the design, the implementation, and the validation of a low-cost remote monitoring system for agricultural ecosystems.