Improved Power Modeling of DDR SDRAMs
Power modeling and estimation has become one of the most defining aspects in designing modern embedded systems. In this context, DDR SDRAM memories contribute significantly to system power consumption, but lack accurate and generic power models. The most popular SDRAM power model provided by Micron, is found to be inaccurate or insufficient for several reasons. First, it does not consider the power consumed when transitioning to power-down and self-refresh modes. Second, it employs the minimal timing constraints between commands from the SDRAM datasheets and not the actual duration between the commands as issued by an SDRAM memory controller. Finally, without adaptations, it can only be applied to a memory controller that employs a close-page policy and accesses a single SDRAM bank at a time.