Integration of Node Deployment and Path Planning in Restoring Network Connectivity
A wireless sensor network can become partitioned due to node failure, requiring the deployment of additional relay nodes in order to restore network connectivity. This introduces an optimisation problem involving a tradeoff between the number of additional nodes that are required and the costs of moving through the sensor field for the purpose of node placement. This tradeoff is application-dependent, influenced for example by the relative urgency of network restoration. The authors propose two heuristic algorithms which integrate network design with path planning, recognising the impact of obstacles on mobility and communication. They conduct an empirical evaluation of the two algorithms on random connectivity and mobility graphs, showing their relative performance in terms of node and path costs, and assessing their execution speeds.