Provided by: Kurukshetra University
A Mobile Ad-hoc NETwork (MANET) is a wireless network in which nodes, in the absence of fixed access points, communicate via single or multi-hop paths. Each node in a MANET should thus be able to perform necessary routing functions, and a MANET routing protocol should be able to adapt fast and effectively to sudden changes in network layout. Multipath routing allows the establishment of multiple paths between a single source and single destination node, the knowledge of alternate paths allows reducing the frequency of route discovery in the presence of link failures. It is typically proposed in order to increase the reliability of data transmission (i.e., fault tolerance) or to provide load balancing.